Perhaps you’ve noticed some impossibly thin revelers guzzling drinks in trendy clubs and bars. Have you ever asked yourself how they manage to stay that skinny? With the frequency with which they indulge and the number of drinks they consume, you would imagine that they would have love handles, muffin tops, or a potbellies. But, sadly some of these thin binge drinkers stay thin by indulging in a dangerous practice: drunkorexia.
What Is Drunkorexia?
The name drunkorexia is a nonmedical term that combines the word drunk with the word anorexia, an eating disorder in which people often starve themselves. People who struggle with drunkorexia restrict their food intake or even starve themselves in order to drink alcohol. They do this so they can binge drink without consuming a lot of calories or gaining weight. Although those who engage in this practice think it’s a foolproof plan, in reality, they’re doing more harm than good. The practice can causes serious and even deadly health problems.
While the term may seem strange, a lot of people are starving themselves to drink, including many college students. In one study, about 21 percent of college students admitted to engaging in drunkorexia. The study further revealed that fraternity and sorority members have a higher likelihood of engaging in drunkorexic tendencies.
As seen from the study, drunkorexia affects both women and men. In women, the number one reason for practicing drunkorexia was to avoid gaining weight and still be able to party with other people. For men, drunkorexia is a faster and more effective way of getting drunk, saving them money they would have otherwise spent on buying food and additional alcohol.
A study published in the Journal of American College Health reported that college students who had an eating disorder or exercised excessively were five times more likely to experience binge drinking episodes. The practices are often intertwined. The data from the study illustrated that there is a strong correlation between binge drinking and drunkorexia.
Even if people who use the practice are convinced that their reasons are justifiable, the health issues relating to drunkorexia demonstrate how dangerous it really is.
Risks of Drunkorexia
Intentionally starving yourself and abusing alcohol can lead to serious physical and psychological consequences. If you drink while you’re malnourished, you may experience:
Loss of nutrients and hydration
Stomach, heart, brain, and liver damage
Difficulties in making decisions, concentrating, and studying
Risky behavior, including having unprotected sex and driving drunk
When an individual consumes alcohol on an empty stomach, ethanol, a component found in alcohol, enters the blood faster. This raises the person’s blood alcohol quickly, probably too quickly.
What may appear to be a harmless practice can quickly turn into a hazardous obsession. Skipping meals before drinking heavily can lead to vomiting, passing out, confusion, and alcohol poisoning.
Women face a greater risk of developing health complications associated with binge drinking. This is because women’s bodies do not metabolize alcohol the same ways that men’s bodies do. Drunkorexia will affect a woman’s body more intensely and more quickly than a man’s body.
A drunkorexic faces a higher risk of developing an addiction problem or a severe eating disorder.
Despite the consequences, people still cling to the practice. They believe that by binge drinking and staying thin, they’ve found a balance. But, if they don’t resolve the problem early enough, they may be creating irreversible consequences.
What Are the Signs of Drunkorexia?
Binge drinking and skipping meals are not healthy practices; nonetheless, many people engage in them without necessarily having substance abuse or body image issues. It could be difficult to know if someone is struggling with drunkorexia.
One sign of alcohol abuse could be if people are experiencing serious problems at home, work, or school because of drinking excessively. Recurring patterns of such behaviors can be indicators that the drinking or disordered eating could be more than just an occasional problem.
Eating disorders can occur if people consume little to no food every time before drinking. Sometimes, they may openly talk about their plans to reduce calories. If this is persistent and interferes with their day-to-day activities, then it could be a sign of a deeper problem.
How Can You Help People Struggling with Drunkorexia?
If you suspect that a family member, friend, coworker, or acquaintance is struggling with drunkorexia, there are a number of things you may want to consider, including:
Approaching the person with caring opening remarks. Such remarks can include, “I hope you know I value you and enjoy spending time with you.”
Focusing on their specific behaviors that concern you. You can say, “I’ve realized you seem to be drinking more than usual lately and you never eat whenever we go out partying. I’m worried about you.”
Following up with resources and encouragement. You can let them know that you truly care about them and hope they look at resources that can help.
There are also some other things that you might want to avoid doing when talking with people with drunkorexia:
Do not confront them with accusations or assumptions. This can make them defensive. It’s best to avoid statements such as, “It’s very clear that you have a serious problem.”
Do not simply accept their responses of justification or denial. They might tell you, “That’s not a big deal.” Or, “You always worry way too much.” Other times they might try to push you away by saying things such as, “It’s none of your business.”
If you or loved ones are struggling with drunkorexia, it’s important to seek treatment for both the substance abuse disorder and the eating disorder. When two conditions such as these occur at the same time, the condition is referred to as a dual diagnosis or a co-occurring disorder. The only way of overcoming both disorders is by treating them simultaneously in an inpatient rehab. A good course of action would be to treat drunkorexia in a dual diagnosis rehab.
A popular technique used to treat dual diagnosis is CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy). CBT focuses on a person’s thoughts, attitudes, and beliefs in relation to their behaviors and feelings. This therapeutic technique aims to teach people healthy coping mechanisms to help them deal with the issues that caused them to develop the disorders in the first place.
Sunshine Behavioral Health strives to help people who are facing substance abuse, addiction, mental health disorders, or a combination of these conditions. It does this by providing compassionate care and evidence-based content that addresses health, treatment, and recovery.
Licensed medical professionals review material we publish on our site. The material is not a substitute for qualified medical diagnoses, treatment, or advice. It should not be used to replace the suggestions of your personal physician or other health care professionals.
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